Many people suffer from knee pain. It can be caused by injury or degeneration of the interior ligaments and cartilage. It is usually associated with the bones which make up the knee joint, such as the femur, tibia, fibula, and patella. Three categories are usually used to describe knee pain which includes: acute injury, medical conditions, and chronic use/overuse conditions. Acute injuries can include:
Medical conditions include:
Chronic use/overuse conditions include:
If you are in pain for more than a couple of days, and the RICE (Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation) method is not providing relief, you should seek diagnosis and treatment. Any pain which is not getting better with rest or receding within a few days should be evaluated to determine the cause. If you experience any of the symptoms listed below you should seek immediate treatment.
When the pain is minimal or just starting, care will typically begin with medications to reduce inflammation and physical therapy. Physical therapy usually begins with passive treatments including manual treatments like massage and joint manipulation and the application of heat and cold to reduce pain and swelling. Physical therapy also provides active treatment to remobilize the joint, restore strength and develop the muscles around the knee to provide support to the joint, preventing re-injury. If you need surgery, physical therapy can also help after surgery to rebuild your strength, flexibility, and range of motion.